Wildlife

Photos & Information On Each Residing Whale Species

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A listing of the several types of whales that features each dwelling whale species, from the smallest (the dwarf sperm whale), to the biggest (the blue whale).


Web page Contents

What Is A Whale?

Two Foremost Sorts Of Whales

Whale Species Record

Interactive Desk Of Whale Species

All Whales Information & Photos

Additional Studying


What Is A Whale?

Whales are marine mammals belonging to the group Cetacea, which additionally consists of dolphins and porpoises. Whales are recognized for his or her massive dimension, with many whale species weighing a number of tonnes.

Though descended from land animals, whales are absolutely tailored to aquatic life, possessing streamlined our bodies for environment friendly swimming, flippers for maneuvering, and a paddle-like tail, often known as a fluke, for propulsion.

Regardless of dwelling within the ocean, whales are air-breathing animals and due to this fact need to floor periodically with the intention to breathe through a blowhole on prime of their heads.

Whales are clever animals, recognized for his or her advanced social buildings and communication programs, together with the distinctive sound of whale track.

Two Foremost Sorts Of Whales

There are two predominant varieties of whales: baleen whales of suborder Mysticeti, and toothed whales of suborder Odontoceti. Baleen whales are filter feeders that devour huge quantities of small prey equivalent to krill and bait fish. Toothed whales sometimes hunt bigger prey equivalent to fish, squid and even different marine mammals, utilizing echolocation.

Blue Whale Swimming
The blue whale, a baleen whale, is the world’s largest animal.

The checklist of whale species beneath accommodates data on each acknowledged whale species. In compiling this checklist, we consulted each the Catalogue of Life and the Mammal Species of the World databases. The conservation standing of every species comes from the IUCN Purple Record, and is right on the time of publishing.

Notice that the checklist doesn’t embody dolphins (together with the killer whale), which, regardless of being toothed whales, are normally handled as a separate group. You may see a listing of each dolphin species on this web page: Sorts Of Dolphins.


Whale Species Record


Desk Of Whale Species

Frequent Identify Scientific Identify Suborder Household Conservation Standing Avg. Size (m) Avg. Size (ft) Avg. Weight (kg) Avg. Weight (lb) The place Discovered
Andrews’ Beaked Whale Mesoplodon bowdoini Odontoceti Ziphiidae Knowledge Poor 4.50 14.76 1300 2866.01 Southern Hemisphere oceans
Antarctic Minke Whale Balaenoptera bonaerensis Mysticeti Balaenopteridae Close to Threatened 8.50 27.89 7000 15432.34 Southern Ocean
Arnoux’s Beaked Whale Berardius arnuxii Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 9.75 31.99 4500 9920.79 Southern Ocean
Baird’s Beaked Whale Berardius bairdii Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 12.00 39.37 12000 26455.44 North Pacific Ocean
Beluga Whale Delphinapterus leucas Odontoceti Monodontidae Least Concern 4.00 13.12 1500 3306.93 Arctic areas
Blainville’s Beaked Whale Mesoplodon densirostris Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 4.70 15.42 1000 2204.62 World tropical and temperate oceans
Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus Mysticeti Balaenopteridae Endangered 24.00 78.74 120000 264554.40 World oceans
Bowhead Whale Balaena mysticetus Mysticeti Balaenidae Least Concern 18.00 59.06 100000 220462.00 Arctic areas
Bryde’s Whale Balaenoptera edeni Mysticeti Balaenopteridae Least Concern 15.00 49.21 20000 44092.40 Heat oceans worldwide
Frequent Minke Whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata Mysticeti Balaenopteridae Least Concern 8.50 27.89 7500 16534.65 World oceans
Cuvier’s Beaked Whale Ziphius cavirostris Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 7.00 22.97 3000 6613.86 World oceans
Deraniyagala’s beaked whale Mesoplodon hotaula Odontoceti Hyperoodontidae Knowledge Poor 4.50 14.76 1000 2204.62 Indian Ocean, South Pacific Ocean
Dwarf Sperm Whale Kogia sima Odontoceti Kogiidae Least Concern 2.70 8.86 250 551.16 Heat oceans worldwide
Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus Mysticeti Balaenopteridae Susceptible 22.00 72.18 70000 154323.40 World oceans
Gervais’ Beaked Whale Mesoplodon europaeus Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 5.50 18.04 1300 2866.01 Atlantic Ocean
Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale Mesoplodon ginkgodens Odontoceti Ziphiidae Knowledge Poor 4.90 16.08 1100 2425.08 Tropical and heat temperate oceans
Grey Whale Eschrichtius robustus Mysticeti Eschrichtiidae Least Concern 14.90 48.88 36000 79366.32 North Pacific and North Atlantic
Grey’s Beaked Whale Mesoplodon grayi Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 5.70 18.70 1200 2645.54 Southern Hemisphere oceans
Hector’s Beaked Whale Mesoplodon hectori Odontoceti Ziphiidae Knowledge Poor 4.20 13.78 1000 2204.62 Southern Hemisphere oceans
Hubbs’ Beaked Whale Mesoplodon carlhubbsi Odontoceti Ziphiidae Knowledge Poor 5.00 16.40 1200 2645.54 North Pacific Ocean
Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae Mysticeti Balaenopteridae Least Concern 16.00 52.49 30000 66138.60 World oceans
Longman’s Beaked Whale Indopacetus pacificus Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 6.50 21.33 2700 5952.47 Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans
Narwhal Monodon monoceros Odontoceti Monodontidae Least Concern 4.70 15.42 1600 3527.39 Arctic areas
North Atlantic Proper Whale Eubalaena glacialis Mysticeti Balaenidae Critically Endangered 15.00 49.21 60000 132277.20 North Atlantic Ocean
North Pacific Proper Whale Eubalaena japonica Mysticeti Balaenidae Endangered 15.00 49.21 60000 132277.20 North Pacific Ocean
Northern Bottlenose Whale Hyperoodon ampullatus Odontoceti Ziphiidae Close to Threatened 9.80 32.15 7000 15432.34 North Atlantic Ocean
Omura’s whale Balaenoptera omurai Mysticeti Balaenopteridae Knowledge Poor 10.50 34.45 14000 30864.68 Indian Ocean, South Pacific Ocean
Perrin’s Beaked Whale Mesoplodon perrini Odontoceti Ziphiidae Endangered 4.00 13.12 1000 2204.62 Jap North Pacific Ocean
Pygmy Beaked Whale Mesoplodon peruvianus Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 3.90 12.80 1000 2204.62 Tropical japanese Pacific Ocean
Pygmy Proper Whale Caperea marginata Mysticeti Neobalaenidae Least Concern 6.50 21.33 3500 7716.17 Southern Hemisphere oceans
Pygmy Sperm Whale Kogia breviceps Odontoceti Kogiidae Least Concern 3.50 11.48 400 881.85 World oceans
Sato’s beaked whale Berardius minimus Odontoceti Ziphiidae Close to Threatened 6.50 21.33 6500 14330.03 Pacific Ocean
Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis Mysticeti Balaenopteridae Endangered 15.00 49.21 20000 44092.40 World
Shepherd’s Beaked Whale Tasmacetus shepherdi Odontoceti Ziphiidae Knowledge Poor 6.50 21.33 3000 6613.86 Southern Hemisphere oceans
Southern Bottlenose Whale Hyperoodon planifrons Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 7.50 24.61 5800 12786.80 Southern Ocean
Southern Proper Whale Eubalaena australis Mysticeti Balaenidae Least Concern 15.00 49.21 60000 132277.20 Southern Hemisphere oceans
Sowerby’s Beaked Whale Mesoplodon bidens Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 5.50 18.04 1000 2204.62 North Atlantic Ocean
Spade-toothed Whale Mesoplodon traversii Odontoceti Ziphiidae Knowledge Poor 5.50 18.04 1400 3086.47 South Pacific Ocean
Sperm Whale Physeter catodon Odontoceti Physeteridae Susceptible 16.00 52.49 45000 99207.90 World oceans
Stejneger’s Beaked Whale Mesoplodon stejnegeri Odontoceti Ziphiidae Close to Threatened 5.30 17.39 1200 2645.54 North Pacific Ocean
Strap-Toothed Whale / Layard’s Beaked Whale Mesoplodon layardii Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 6.20 20.34 1300 2866.01 Southern Hemisphere oceans
Tropical Bottlenose Whale Indopacetus pacificus Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 6.50 21.33 2700 5952.00 Indian Ocean
True’s Beaked Whale Mesoplodon mirus Odontoceti Ziphiidae Least Concern 5.30 17.39 1400 3086.47 North Atlantic Ocean and Southern Hemisphere

Record Of All Whales

Andrews’ Beaked Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon bowdoini

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Knowledge Poor

The place discovered: Southern Hemisphere (particularly the cool temperate waters of the South Pacific)

Size: 4.5-5.5m / 14.7-18ft

Weight: 1,100-1,300kg / 2,425-2,866lb

One of many least-known cetaceans, Andrews’ beaked whale has by no means been seen alive within the wild. All that we all know of the species comes from specimens washed up on the shores of Australia, New Zealand and close by islands.

This elusive whale species has a strong, spindle-shaped physique with a small dorsal fin. Males are usually darkish gray with a white ‘cap’ on their head, whereas females and younger are considered lighter in colour.

Like different members of the beaked whale household, Ziphiidae, Andrews’ beaked whale has a slim, dolphin-like snout, or “beak”. It has solely a single pair of tooth – these of the male take the type of tusks that reach out of the perimeters of the mouth. Scarring current on the our bodies of males point out that the tooth are used as weapons.

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Antarctic Minke Whale

Antarctic Minke Whale

Scientific identify: Balaenoptera bonaerensis

Household: Balaenopteridae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Close to Threatened

The place discovered: Antarctic and sub-Antarctic waters

Size: 7.5-10.7m / 24.6-35ft

Weight: 5-10 tons (5000-10000 kg) / 11023-22046lb

The Antarctic minke whale, often known as the southern minke whale, has a slender physique and is the third-smallest baleen whale (the second-smallest is the associated frequent minke whale; the smallest is the pygmy proper whale).

As a result of its small dimension, low oil yield, and desire for pack ice areas, that are inaccessible to whaling ships, the Antarctic minke whale escaped the eye of whalers when the trade was at its peak. As a result of its relative abundance, nevertheless, the species is at this time one of the crucial commonly-hunted whales.

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Arnoux’s Beaked Whale

Beaked whale
Proven above is a Baird’s beaked whale; the 2 species are just about indistinguishable.

Scientific identify: Berardius arnuxii

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Southern Ocean

Size: 9-12m / 29.5-39.4ft

Weight: 9,000-14,000 kg / 19,842-30,865lb

Arnoux’s beaked whale is a big member of the beaked whale household and is understood for its desire for deep, chilly waters within the Southern Hemisphere.

The species is often known as the southern four-toothed whale; like different members of the genus Berardius it has simply 4 tooth. The whale’s entrance tooth are seen even when its mouth is closed.

Arnoux’s beaked whale has a cylindrical physique with a small, backward-pointing dorsal fin, and may be very related in look to the closely-related Baird’s beaked whale.

The species shouldn’t be well-studied, partly attributable to its distant Southern Ocean habitat and in addition as a result of it has not been focused by the whaling trade.

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Baird’s Beaked Whale

Baird's Beaked Whale

Scientific identify: Berardius bairdii

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: North Pacific Ocean

Size: 10-13m / 32.8-42.7ft

Weight: 10,000-12,000kg / 22,046-26,455lb

Baird’s beaked whale is the biggest member of the beaked whale household, and the second-largest toothed whale after the sperm whale.

The species is characterised by its lengthy beak and slender physique. Just like the associated, and similar-looking, Arnoux’s beaked whale, it belongs to the genus Berardius.

Whales on this group are recognized each as four-toothed whales (on behalf of their 4 tooth), and large beaked whales (on behalf of their massive dimension in relation to different beaked whales of household Ziphiidae).

Baird’s beaked whale is social and normally present in pods of 5 to twenty people. Like different beaked whales it’s a deep diver, recognized to enterprise to depths of over one kilometer because it forages for squid, fish and crustaceans. Its dives can last as long as an hour.

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Beluga Whale

Beluga Whale
The beluga whale is usually stored in captivity.

Scientific identify: Delphinapterus leucas

Household: Monodontidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Arctic and Subarctic areas

Size: 4-5.5m / 13-18ft

Weight: 1100-1600kg / 2425-3527lb

The Beluga Whale, often known as the white whale, is without doubt one of the most distinctive varieties of whales attributable to its brilliant white colour and the distinctive “melon” on its head, which is used for echolocation.

One of many smallest whale species, the beluga whale is often known as the ocean canary attributable to its high-pitched twitter.

Belugas are extraordinarily social creatures, typically seen touring in pods of 10 or extra. It belongs to the household Monodontidae, which accommodates only one different species, the narwhal.

You could find out extra about this species on this web page: Beluga Whale Information

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Blainville’s Beaked Whale

Blainvilles Beaked Whale

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon densirostris

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Heat temperate and tropical seas worldwide

Size: 4.4-4.8m / 14.4-15.7ft

Weight: 930-1360kg / 2050-3000lb

Blainville’s beaked whale is a medium to small-sized whale belonging to the beaked whale household, Ziphiidae.

Like all beaked whales, Blainville’s beaked whale has a particular pointed snout that resembles that of a dolphin. The bones of Blainville’s beaked whale’s snout are among the many densest and stiffest of all animal bones.

The male’s tusk-like tooth venture out of the mouth from its decrease jaw. The tooth are used for preventing different males, proof for which is seen within the typically scarred look of the males’ pores and skin.

Like many beaked whales, Blainville’s beaked whale is troublesome to review attributable to its deep-sea habitat and elusive nature.

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Blue Whale

Blue Whale

Scientific identify: Balaenoptera musculus

Household: Balaenopteridae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Endangered

The place discovered: All oceans besides the Arctic

Size: 25-30m / 82-98.4ft

Weight: 100,000-150,000kg / 220,462-330,693lb

The blue whale is the biggest animal ever to have lived on earth, exceeding the dimensions of even the biggest dinosaurs. Its tongue alone can weigh as a lot as an elephant, and its coronary heart as a lot as an vehicle.

Regardless of its monumental dimension, the blue whale feeds virtually completely on tiny shrimp-like crustaceans known as krill.

You could find out extra about this species on this web page: Blue Whale Information

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Bowhead Whale

Bowhead whales

Scientific identify: Balaena mysticetus

Household: Balaenidae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Arctic and subarctic waters

Size: 14-18m / 45.9-59.1ft

Weight: 75,000-100,000kg / 165,346-220,462lb

The bowhead whale, often known as the Arctic whale, is called for its large curved, or “bowed”, mouth, which is round one third of the size of its physique. It’s the largest mouth of any animal.

Discovered within the Arctic, the bowhead whale makes use of its big cranium to interrupt via the Arctic ice to make respiratory holes. One of many longest-living mammals, the bowhead whale can dwell for over 200 years.

You could find out extra about this species on this web page: Bowhead Whale Information

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Bryde’s Whale

Bryde's Whale in New Zealand
Bryde’s whale. Picture: Aucklandwhale, CC BY-SA 4.0, through Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)

Scientific identify: Balaenoptera edeni

Household: Balaenopteridae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Heat temperate and tropical seas worldwide

Size: 12-15m / 39.4-49.2ft

Weight: 12,000-25,000kg / 26,455-55,115lb

Bryde’s whale is a baleen whale, considered one of a bunch of similar-looking, and closely-related species that features the frequent Bryde’s whale and Eden’s whale.

Bryde’s whale has a protracted, slender physique, might be recognized by the three outstanding ridges on its straight snout.

The species is called after Johan Bryde, a Norwegian consul to South Africa who helped set up the primary trendy whaling station within the nation.

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Frequent Minke Whale

Minke Whale

Scientific identify: Balaenoptera acutorostrata

Household: Balaenopteridae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Primarily within the North Atlantic and North Pacific

Size: 7-10m / 23-32.8ft

Weight: 5,000-10,000kg / 11,023-22,046lb

The frequent minke whale is the smallest and most considerable of the rorqual whales, a bunch of whales characterised by the ridged pores and skin of their throats, which permits the quantity of their mouths to enormously increase.

The frequent minke whale has a modern physique and a sharply pointed snout. Not like most different whales, it typically approaches ships, making it extra seen than many different species.

Like all baleen whales, the frequent minke is a filter feeder, separating meals from seawater with its comb-like baleen plates. It feeds on fish, krill and squid, and itself is hunted by the killer whale.

In the present day, the frequent minke whale is without doubt one of the whale species most commonly-targeted by whalers.

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Cuvier’s Beaked Whale

Cuvier's Beaked Whale

Scientific identify: Ziphius cavirostris

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Distributed worldwide in deep offshore waters

Size: 5-7m / 16.4-23ft

Weight: 2000-3000kg / 4409-6614lb

The record-breaking Cuvier’s beaked whale has each the deepest and the longest recorded dives of all whales. The species has been recorded at depths of as much as 2.992 km / 1.86 miles, and its dives can final for durations of as much as 3 hours 42 minutes.

Cuvier’s beaked whale has a strong physique, a small head relative to its physique dimension, and a brief beak. Solely the male’s tooth are seen within the mouth; the species is believed to seize meals utilizing suction. Like different beaked whales, the food plan of Cuvier’s beaked whale consists primarily of squid.

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Deraniyagala’s Beaked Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon hotaula

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Knowledge Poor

The place discovered: Heat tropical waters of the western Indian Ocean and central Pacific

Size: 4–5 m / 13–16 ft

Weight (estimated): 1,600 – 2,000 kg / 3,527.4 – 4,409.2 lb

Deraniyagala’s beaked whale is a toothed whale of the beaked whale household Ziphiidae. It’s native to the nice and cozy tropical and subtropical waters of the Pacific Ocean. With adults reaching lengths of round 5 meters, the species is without doubt one of the smallest throughout the Ziphiidae household.

The species is understood solely from stranded people and little or no is due to this fact recognized about its conduct and way of life.

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Dwarf Sperm Whale

Dwarf Sperm Whale
Dwarf Sperm Whale

Scientific identify: Kogia sima

Household: Kogiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Worldwide in tropical and temperate seas

Size: 2.7m / 8.9ft

Weight: 136-272kg / 300-600lb

Smaller than many dolphins, the dwarf sperm whale is the smallest species of whale.

The dwarf sperm whale has a blunt snout and a small dorsal fin. It has tooth solely on its decrease jaw, and makes use of suction to seize prey. When startled, the species ejects a thick cloud of red-brown liquid into the water.

Like its bigger relative the sperm whale (the biggest toothed whale), the dwarf sperm whale has a spermaceti organ in its head, which is believed for use for echolocation and presumably for depth management.

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Fin Whale

Fin Whale

Scientific identify: Balaenoptera physalus

Household: Balaenopteridae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Susceptible

The place discovered: World distribution in all oceans

Size: 18-20m / 59-66ft

Weight: 40,000-80,000kg / 88,185-176,370lb

The fin whale, often known as the finback whale, is the second-largest animal after the blue whale. It has a modern, streamlined physique and is understood for its pace, typically being known as the “greyhound of the ocean.” Regardless of its dimension, it feeds primarily on small education fish and crustaceans equivalent to krill.

An uncommon attribute of the fin whale is the asymmetrical coloration of the decrease jaw, with the precise facet being paler than the left.

You could find out extra about this species on this web page: Fin Whales Information

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Gervais’ Beaked Whale

Gervais Beaked Whale cc
Picture: Rufous-crowned Sparrow, CC BY-SA 4.0, through Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon europaeus

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Atlantic Ocean, notably across the West Indies and the Canary Islands

Size: 4.5-5.2m / 14.7-17ft

Weight: 1000-1200kg / 2205-2646lb

Gervais’ beaked whale is a poorly recognized species of beaked whale. It has a slender, spindle-shaped physique and a small dorsal fin. The species is usually discovered stranded on the coasts of North America. Only a few sightings of dwelling people are recognized.

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Ginkgo-Toothed Beaked Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon ginkgodens

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Knowledge Poor

The place discovered: Tropical and heat temperate waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans

Size: 4.9-5.1m / 16-16.7ft

Weight: Unknown / Unknown

The ginkgo-toothed beaked whale is a hardly ever seen beaked whale. It will get its identify from the form of the male’s tooth, which resemble the leaves of a ginkgo tree.

Nearly all that’s recognized about this species comes from stranded specimens, as it’s virtually by no means seen at sea.

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Grey Whale

Gray Whale Head

Scientific identify: Eschrichtius robustus

Household: Eschrichtiidae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Primarily within the North Pacific Ocean

Size: 12-15m / 39.4-49.2ft

Weight: 27,000-36,000kg / 59,524-79,366lb

The grey whale is a big baleen whale species recognized for its long-distance migrations, touring between feeding and breeding grounds yearly.

The species inhabits the waters of the North Pacific Ocean, with two major populations acknowledged: the Jap North Pacific inhabitants and the critically endangered Western North Pacific inhabitants.

Grey whales are simply identifiable by their mottled grey pores and skin, which regularly hosts patches of whale lice and barnacles. Not like many different whales, grey whales lack a dorsal fin and as an alternative have a sequence of small humps alongside their again in the direction of the tail flukes.

The grey whale is a backside feeder with a food plan consisting primarily of small crustaceans equivalent to amphipods. The whale filters these from the mud of the ocean mattress with its baleen plates.

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Grey’s Beaked Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon grayi

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Southern Hemisphere, primarily in cooler waters

Size: 5.5-5.7m / 18-18.7ft

Weight: 1100-1300kg / 2425-2866lb

Grey’s beaked whale, often known as the Haast’s beaked whale or scamperdown whale, is a species of beaked whale that predominantly inhabits the waters of the Southern Hemisphere, notably round New Zealand and South Africa. It’s one of many bigger members of the genus Mesoplodon, with adults reaching lengths of as much as 5.7 meters.

The bodily look of Grey’s Beaked Whale resembles that of different members of its household. It has a modern, torpedo-shaped physique and a particular lengthy, slender beak, which is especially pronounced on this species.

Like different beaked whales, Grey’s Beaked Whales are deep divers, able to reaching nice depths to forage for squid and fish. It is without doubt one of the most incessantly stranded beaked whales within the Southern Hemisphere, typically stranding in teams, considered one of which contained 28 people.

You could find out extra about this species on this web page: Grey Whale Information

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Hector’s Beaked Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon hectori

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Knowledge Poor

The place discovered: Southern Hemisphere, primarily in cooler waters

Size: 4.2m / 13.8ft

Weight: Unknown / Unknown

Hector’s beaked whale is a poorly recognized species of beaked whale, named after Sir James Hector, the curator of the Colonial Museum in Wellington, New Zealand. It has a strong physique with a small, triangular dorsal fin.

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Hubbs’ Beaked Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon carlhubbsi

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Knowledge Poor

The place discovered: North Pacific Ocean

Size: 4.9-5.2m / 16-17ft

Weight: Unknown / Unknown

Hubbs’ beaked whale is a rarely-seen species of beaked whale. It’s acknowledged by its distinctive beak and white coloring on the entrance a part of its physique. Like different beaked whales, it’s deep-diving and troublesome to review attributable to its habitat and elusive conduct.

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Humpback Whale

Humpback Whale

Scientific identify: Megaptera novaeangliae

Household: Balaenopteridae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Oceans and seas worldwide

Size: 12-16m / 39.4-52.5ft

Weight: 25,000-30,000kg / 55,115-66,138lb

The humpback whale will get its identify from the distinctive humped look of its again when it arches in preparation for a dive. This distinctive whale will also be acknowledged by its lengthy, wing-like flippers and frequent breaching and different floor exercise.

This iconic species is usually the main focus of whale-watching excursions. Among the many finest locations to see humpback whales embody Alaska’s Glacier Bay Nationwide Park, Massachusetts’ Stellwagen Financial institution Nationwide Marine Sanctuary, California’s Monterey Bay, the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale Nationwide Marine Sanctuary, and Hervey Bay in Australia.

The humpback whale is understood for the haunting track of the male. The precise objective of the track is unclear, however it’s believed to be a part of the species’ mating conduct.

The humpback whale migrates as much as 25,000 kilometers annually, from polar waters the place it feeds, to tropical or subtropical waters the place it breeds and offers beginning.

You could find out extra about this species on this web page: Humpback Whale Information

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Narwhal

Pod of narwhals at surface

Scientific identify: Monodon monoceros

Household: Monodontidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Arctic waters round Greenland, Canada, and Russia

Size: 3.95-5.5m / 13-18ft

Weight: 800-1600kg / 1764-3527lb

The narwhal is understood for lengthy, spiraled tusk of the male. The tusk, which is definitely an elongated tooth, can develop as much as 3 meters in size. Narwhals spend their lives in Arctic waters, the place they hunt for fish, squid, and shrimp.

The narwhal belongs to the household Monodontidae, the one different member of which is the beluga whale.

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North Atlantic Proper Whale

North Atlantic Right Whale At Surface

Scientific identify: Eubalaena glacialis

Household: Balaenidae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Critically Endangered

The place discovered: Western North Atlantic, from Florida to the Gulf of St. Lawrence

Size: 11-18m / 36-59ft

Weight: 40,000-70,000kg / 88,185-154,324lb

The North Atlantic proper whale is without doubt one of the world’s most endangered massive whale species, with a inhabitants at present numbering below 500. It has a stocky physique, no dorsal fin, and distinctive callosities on its head. The species is a sluggish swimmer, averaging 6 km/h (3.7 mph).

The North Atlantic proper whale is considered one of three species of proper whale (the others being the North Pacific proper whale and the Southern proper whale).

It’s stated that proper whales are so-named as a result of they have been the “proper” species to hunt, being slow-swimming with massive quantities of blubber, though this clarification has been put unsure by some authorities.

Proper whales have been hunted virtually to extinction when the whaling trade was at its peak.

You could find out extra about this species on this web page: North Atlantic Proper Whale Information

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North Pacific Proper Whale

North Pacific right whale

Scientific identify: Eubalaena japonica

Household: Balaenidae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Endangered

The place discovered: North Pacific Ocean

Size: 15-18m / 49-59ft

Weight: 50,000-80,000kg / 110,231-176,370lb

The North Pacific proper whale is a baleen whale related in look to its Atlantic cousin. It has a broad, flat again with no dorsal fin and enormous, triangular flippers. This species was closely focused by business whalers prior to now, and its inhabitants stays small at this time.

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Northern Bottlenose Whale

Northern Bottlenose Whale
Sanna Isojunno, CC BY-SA 4.0, through Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)

Scientific identify: Hyperoodon ampullatus

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Close to Threatened

The place discovered: North Atlantic Ocean

Size: 6-9.8m / 20-32ft

Weight: 5,800-7,500kg / 12,786-16,535lb

The northern bottlenose whale is understood for its distinctive bulbous brow, or melon, and lengthy, tube-like beak. It one of many deepest-diving whales, recognized to achieve depths of as much as 2,339 m / 7,674 ft. in dives that may final for over two hours. The species is understood for its curiosity in the direction of boats, which sadly made it straightforward prey for hunters prior to now.

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Omura’s Whale

Omura's Whale
Salvatore Cerchio et al. / Royal Society Open Science, CC BY 4.0, through Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)

Scientific identify: Balaenoptera omurai

Household: Balaenopteridae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Knowledge Poor

The place discovered: Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean

Size: 10-11.5 m / 33-38ft.

Weight: 4,536-9,072 kg / 10,000-20,000 lb

Omura’s whale is a comparatively small baleen whale species that was formally acknowledged by scientists in 2003. The species is called after Japanese cetologist Hideo Omura.

Omura’s whale is characterised by its modern, slender physique with a definite ridge working down its again to the dorsal fin. The left and proper sides of the species’ decrease jaw are asymmetrically-colored, with the precise facet being lighter than the left facet. It additionally has asymmetrically-colored baleen plates, with the precise baleen being white and the left being darkish, which is considered related to their feeding conduct.

Omura’s whale is primarily present in tropical and subtropical waters across the coastlines of the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean. It’s typically sighted alone or in small teams, and far of its conduct and way of life, together with migration and breeding patterns, stays a thriller because of the species’ elusive nature and its comparatively current scientific recognition.

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Perrin’s Beaked Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon perrini

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Endangered

The place discovered: Jap North Pacific Ocean

Size: 4-4.5m / 13-14.8ft

Weight: Unknown / Unknown

Perrin’s beaked whale is a rarely-seen beaked whale species. It was solely acknowledged as a separate species in 2002. Nearly all that’s recognized about this species comes from strandings, as it’s virtually by no means seen within the wild. Like different beaked whales, it’s seemingly a deep diver.

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Pygmy Beaked Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon peruvianus

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Jap tropical Pacific Ocean

Size: 3.9-4.2m / 12.8-13.8ft

Weight: Unknown / Unknown

The pygmy beaked whale is the smallest species of beaked whale. It’s recognized from a small variety of strandings and at-sea sightings. Like different beaked whales, it’s deep-diving and elusive, which makes it difficult to review.

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Pygmy Proper Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Caperea marginata

Household: Neobalaenidae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Southern Hemisphere

Size: 6-6.5m / 19.7-21.3ft

Weight: 3,000-3,500kg / 6,614-7,716lb

The pygmy proper whale is the smallest of the baleen whales. It’s characterised by a small, slim rostrum (snout) and a falcate (sickle-shaped) dorsal fin. The species may be very hardly ever seen at sea; most of what’s recognized about it comes from strandings.

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Pygmy Sperm Whale

Pygmy Sperm Whale Illustration

Scientific identify: Kogia breviceps

Household: Kogiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Worldwide in tropical and temperate seas

Size: 3.5m / 11.5ft

Weight: 400kg / 882lb

Smaller than a bottlenose dolphin, the pygmy sperm whale is without doubt one of the smallest species of toothed whales. Till 1998, it was thought-about the identical species because the dwarf sperm whale; each species belong to the household Kogiidae.

Just like the dwarf sperm whale and sperm whale, the pygmy sperm whale produces a waxy substance often known as spermaceti in an organ in its head. That is thought to assist echolocation, which seemingly performs an vital half in looking.

Like these of different sperm whales, the blowhole of the pygmy sperm is positioned on the left facet of its head.

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Sato’s Beaked Whale

Sato's Beaked Whale
Picture: Yoshimi Watanabe, CC BY 4.0, through Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)

Scientific identify: Berardius minimus

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Close to Threatened

The place discovered: North Pacific Ocean

Size: 6.9 m / 22.64 ft

Weight: Unknown

Little is understood about Sato’s Beaked Whale, which is the smallest member of the enormous beaked whale / four-toothed whale genus Berardius. This species was solely formally acknowledged and named in 2019 following detailed genetic and morphological evaluation.

The species was named after Hal Sato, a researcher who helped determine the species.

Like different beaked whales, Sato’s beaked whale has a particular beak, streamlined physique, and a dorsal fin set comparatively far again on the physique.

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Sei Whale

Sei whale
Sei whale mom with calf.

Scientific identify: Balaenoptera borealis

Household: Balaenopteridae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Endangered

The place discovered: Worldwide in deep, offshore waters

Size: 14-20m / 45.9-65.6ft

Weight: 20,000-30,000kg / 44,092-66,139lb

The sei whale is a baleen whale, the third-largest rorqual whale after the blue whale and the fin whale. It has a streamlined physique that’s darkish gray or blue-grey in colour with paler markings on its underside.

Different distinguishing options of the sei whale are: a single ridge extending from the blowhole to the tip of the snout; tall, falcate (sickle-shaped) dorsal fin positioned about two-thirds down the again; and baleen plates which might be darkish and fairly high quality, designed to filter small prey from the water.

The sei whale inhabits most oceans and adjoining seas, preferring deep offshore waters. It avoids polar and tropical waters and semi-enclosed our bodies of water. Its food plan consists primarily of krill and different small education fish, which it consumes each by skimming the water’s floor and by lunge feeding.

Like different baleen whales, the sei whale is understood to undertake lengthy migrations from cool and temperate feeding areas in the summertime to hotter breeding areas within the winter.

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Shepherd’s Beaked Whale

Shepherd's Beaked Whale
Christopher D. H. Thompson, Phil J. Bouchet, Jessica J. Meeuwig, CC BY 4.0, through Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)

Scientific identify: Tasmacetus shepherdi

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Knowledge Poor

The place discovered: Southern Hemisphere

Size: 6-7m / 19.7-23ft

Weight: 3,000-4,000kg / 6,614-8,818lb

Shepherd’s beaked whale is a novel species among the many beaked whales as it’s the solely species recognized to have useful tooth in each jaws. It is usually one of many few beaked whales that eats fish in addition to cephalopods. Sightings of this uncommon whale species are few and much between; most of what we learn about it comes from strandings.

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Southern Bottlenose Whale

Southern Bottlenose Whale

Scientific identify: Hyperoodon planifrons

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Southern Hemisphere

Size: 7.5-8.2m / 24.6-26.9ft

Weight: 5,800-7,500kg / 12,786-16,535lb

The southern bottlenose whale is acknowledged by its massive brow and elongated beak. It’s smaller than its cousin, the northern beaked whale.

One of many better-studied species of beaked whales, the southern bottlenose whale is usually seen in teams, and is understood for its deep dives to hunt squid and krill. It is without doubt one of the most frequently-sighted beaked whales within the Antarctic Circle.

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Southern Proper Whale

Southern Right Whale
Southern Proper Whale

Scientific identify: Eubalaena australis

Household: Balaenidae

Suborder: Mysticeti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Southern Hemisphere

Size: 14-18m / 45.9-59.1ft

Weight: 60,000-80,000kg / 132,277-176,370lb

The southern proper whale is a big baleen whale with broad, paddle-like flippers and a large again that lacks a dorsal fin. Discovered within the chilly waters of the Southern Hemisphere, it carefully resembles its cousins the North Atlantic proper whale and the North Pacific proper whale; the three closely-related species have been as soon as considered a single species.

Collectively, three proper whales make up the genus Eubalaena.

The southern proper whale tends to strategy boats carefully, typically interacting with them for prolonged intervals, which makes it a preferred species for whale-watching.

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Sowerby’s Beaked Whale

Sowerby's Beaked Whale

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon bidens

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: North Atlantic Ocean

Size: 5.5m / 18ft

Weight: 1,250-1,400kg / 2,755-3,086lb

Named after the English naturalist James Sowerby, Sowerby’s beaked whale is a medium-sized species of beaked whale present in chilly waters of the North Atlantic. Like different beaked whales, it has an elongated, dolphin-like beak, rotund physique, and a notched tail fluke.

Sowerby’s beaked whale is a deep diver, recognized to dive to depths of over 1km. Not like most different beaked whales, it primarily hunts fish, slightly than squid.

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Spade-Toothed Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon traversii

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Knowledge Poor

The place discovered: South Pacific Ocean

Size: 5.5m / 18ft

Weight: 1,400 kg / 3,086.47 lb

The spade-toothed whale is a dolphin-sized beaked whale discovered within the southern Pacific Ocean. This seldom-seen animal is without doubt one of the world’s rarest cetaceans.

Till 2010, when a mom and calf have been stranded in New Zealand, the species was recognized solely from a couple of bone samples.

The spade-toothed whale’s identify derives from the form of its tooth, that are curved and spade-like, and visual solely in males. The male’s tooth are round 23 cm (9 in) in size.

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Sperm Whale

Sperm Whale Near Surface

Scientific identify: Physeter macrocephalus

Household: Physeteridae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Susceptible

The place discovered: Worldwide

Size: 11-20.5m / 36-67.3ft

Weight: 25,000-45,000kg / 55,116-99,208lb

The sperm whale is not only the biggest of the toothed whales, additionally it is the world’s largest toothed predator. The species is known for its deep dives, staying submerged for about an hour and reaching depths of as much as 2,000 meters / 1.24 Miles.

The sperm whale is definitely acknowledged attributable to its block-shaped head. Produced by an organ inside a sperm whale’s head is a substance known as spermaceti, which was as soon as utilized in oil lamps and lubricants. The species was as soon as focused by whalers for its spermaceti and blubber.

The fictional “white whale” Moby Dick that featured in Herman Melville’s novel of the identical identify was a sperm whale.

You could find out extra about this species on this web page: Sperm Whale Information

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Stejneger’s Beaked Whale

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon stejnegeri

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Close to Threatened

The place discovered: North Pacific Ocean

Size: 5.3-5.5m / 17.4-18ft

Weight: 1,300-1,400kg / 2,866-3,086lb

Stejneger’s beaked whale, often known as the “saber-toothed whale”, is characterised by its elongated beak and the 2 outstanding tooth of the male that protrude upward and backward from the decrease jaw.

Stejneger’s beaked whale is understood to be a deep diver, like most beaked whales. Additionally like different members of its household, Stejneger’s beaked whale incessantly bears the scars attributable to bites from the cookiecutter shark.

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Strap-Toothed Whale (Layard’s Beaked Whale)

No Picture Out there

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon layardii

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Circumpolar in cool temperate Southern Hemisphere waters

Size: 5.9-6.2m / 19.4-20.3ft

Weight: 1,000-1,300kg / 2,204-2,866lb

The strap-toothed whale, often known as Layard’s beaked whale, is exclusive amongst cetaceans for the male’s pair of lengthy, strap-like tooth that curl up and over the higher jaw. The species’ lengthy tooth may very well stop its beak from absolutely opening, probably limiting the dimensions of prey it could devour.

Sometimes for members of its household, the strap-toothed whale inhabits deep waters and is a deep-diver; its food plan consists of deep water squid, together with the vampire squid, Vampyroteuthis infernalis.

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Tropical Bottlenose Whale / Longman’s Beaked Whale

Tropical Bottlenose Whale

Scientific identify: Indopacetus pacificus

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: Tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans

Size: 7.6m / 25ft

Weight: Unknown / Unknown

The tropical bottlenose whale, often known as the Indo-Pacific beaked whale or Longman’s beaked whale, is a little-known cetacean that inhabits the nice and cozy waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Till the Nineties, the species was recognized solely from two skulls. It’s thought to inhabit deep offshore waters and to be a deep diver.

The tropical bottlenose whale is extremely elusive, with most details about it coming from stranded specimens, making any sighting of this distinctive creature a momentous occasion.

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True’s Beaked Whale

Scientific identify: Mesoplodon mirus

True's Beaked Whale
Roland Edler, CC BY 4.0, through Wikimedia Commons (cropped / resized by ActiveWild.com)

Household: Ziphiidae

Suborder: Odontoceti

Conservation standing: Least Concern

The place discovered: North Atlantic Ocean and components of the Southern Hemisphere

Size: 5.4m / 17.7ft

Weight: 1,400-1,500kg / 3,086-3,307lb

True’s beaked whale is a deep-diving whale discovered within the northern Atlantic Ocean. It’s named after Frederick W. True (Wikipedia), a former curator at america Nationwide Museum. (True’s vole and True’s shrew mole additionally bear his identify.)

True’s beaked whale is an elusive species, practically at all times sighted in waters over 1,000 meters in depth. From stranded specimens, it’s recognized that small fish function predominantly in its food plan.

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Uncover Extra With Energetic Wild

Uncover extra about whales and associated sea animals on the next pages on Energetic Wild:

Go to our predominant animals web page for hyperlinks to animal data and an entire information to the animal kingdom: Animals

You may see extra ocean animals on this web page: Ocean Animals Record with Photos & Information

You may see photos and info on EVERY species of dolphin on this web page: Sorts of Dolphins

Discover out the distinction between dolphins and porpoises: Dolphin Vs Porpoise

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